"Iran hat das unveräußerliche Recht auf Zugang zu einem nuklearen Energiekreislauf" / "Iran has the inalienable right to have access to a nuclear fuel cycle"
Rede des iranischen Präsidenten vor der UN-Vollversammlung / Address by H.E. Dr. Mahmood Ahmadinejad before the Sixtieth Session of the United Nations General Assembly
Am 17. September 2005 sprach der iranische Präsident Mahmood Ahmadinejad vor der 60. Generalversammlung in New York. Die Rede war mit Spannung erwartet worden, weil man sich Aufschluss erwartete von der künftigen Atompolitik des Landes, das zuvor unter erheblichen Druck durch USA, EU und IAEO geraten war. Mahmood Ahmadinejad betonte in seiner Rede das unveräußerliche Recht seines Landes zur zivilen Nutzung der Kernenergie. Er verteidigte alle Schritte, die sein Land bisher unternommen habe und lud die Welt und die transnationalen Energiekonzerne ein, durch technologische Kooperation an dem zivilen Atomprogramm des Iran teilzuhaben.
Wir dokumentieren im Folgenden die Rede im englischen Original.
Address by H.E. Dr. Mahmood Ahmadinejad
President of the Islamic Republic of Iran before the Sixtieth Session of the United Nations General Assembly
New York — 17 September 2005
In the Name of the God of Mercy,
Compassion, Peace, Freedom and Justice
Mr. President, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,
Today we have gathered here to exchange views about the world, its future
and our common responsibilities towards it. It is evident that the future of the
world is intertwined with its current state and the prevailing trends, which exhibit
signs of hope and despair.
On the one hand certain hopes and opportunities exist, and this august
Assembly is convened on such hopes. Today human thought reflects outstanding
commonalities which provide appropriate grounds to build upon. With the passing
of the era of agnostic philosophies, today humanity is once again joined in
celebrating monotheism and belief in the Creator as the originator of existence.
This is the common thread which binds us all. Faith will prove to be the solution to
many of today's problems. The Truth will shine the light of faith and ethics on the
life of human beings and prevent them from aggression, coercion and injustice and
will guide them towards care and compassion for fellow beings.
Another hope is the common global appreciation of the sources of
knowledge. Although reason, experience and science are among valuable sources
of knowledge, the darkness of the Middle Ages deprived major portions of the
Western world from appreciating. This reactionary tendency deprived many from
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access to various scientific findings and knowledge and led to the exclusion of
other sources of knowledge namely God and knowledge based on revelation from
the life of human beings in the West; Divine knowledge that was carried and
disseminated by such prophets as Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Mohammad
(peace be upon them). Today, agnostic thinking is on the decline and presently
humanity is equally enamored with religion, science, knowledge and spirituality.
This is an auspicious beginning.
Divine prophets teach us about proper regard for the exalted state of human
beings on earth. The human being is blessed with dignity, most importantly
manifested in being the viceroy of the Almighty on earth. The Almighty placed
humans on earth to develop it, institutionalize justice, overcome their egoistic
tendencies and praise no lord but the Almighty. Faith and good deeds can bring
deliverance and the good life even in this world. Attaining this depend on human
will, that is the will of each and every one of us. We must heed the call of our
common primordial nature and achieve the realization of this good life.
On the other hand, the prevalence of military domination, increasing
poverty, the growing gap between rich and poor countries, violence as a means to
solve crises, spread of terrorism, specially state terrorism, existence and
proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, the pervasive lack of honesty in
interstate relations, and disregard for the equal rights of peoples and nations in
international relations, constitute some of the challenges and threats.
Although these challenges are very real, we believe we are not predestined
to experience them. Our common will not only can change this course but in fact
can lead us to a life filled with hope and prosperity. Divine revelation teaches us
that "The Almighty changes the fate of no people unless they themselves show a
will for change" (Holy Qur'an, 13:11).
How can we influence the future of the world?
When and how will peace, tranquility and well-being for all come about?
These are the fundamental questions before us.
We believe that a sustainable order –nurturing and flourishing peace and
tranquility –can only be realized on the two pillars of justice and spirituality. The
more human society departs from justice and spirituality, the greater insecurity it
will face, so much so that a relatively small crisis – such as a natural disaster –
leads to various abnormalities and inhuman behavior.
Unfortunately, the world is rife with discrimination and poverty.
Discrimination produces hatred, war and terrorism. They all share the common
root of lack of spirituality coupled with injustice.
Justice is about equal rights, the correct distribution of resources in the
territories of different states, the equality of all before the law and respect for
international agreements. Justice recognizes the right of every one to tranquility,
peace and a dignified life. Justice rejects intimidation and double standards. As
the eminent daughter of the Prophet of Islam has said, "justice brings tranquility
and harmony to our hearts."
Today, the world is longing for the establishment of such justice. If
humanity heeds the call of its primordial nature with firm resolve, justice will
emerge. This is what the Almighty has promised and all people of good will from
all religions are waiting for. If the prevailing discourse of global relations becomes
one of justice and spirituality, then durable peace will be guaranteed. Conversely,
if international relations is defined without justice and spirituality and void of
moral considerations, then the mechanisms for promoting confidence and peace
will remain insufficient and ineffective.
If some, relying on their superior military and economic might, attempt to
expand their rights and privileges, they will be performing a great disservice to the
cause of peace and in fact will fuel the arms race and spread insecurity, fear and
deception. If global trends continue to serve the interests of small influential
groups, even the interests of the citizens of powerful countries will be jeopardized
— as was seen in the recent crises and the even natural disaster such as the recent
Today, my nation calls on other nations and governments to "move forward
to a durable tranquility and peace based on justice and spirituality."
Mr. President, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,
The Islamic Republic of Iran is born out of a movement, based on the pure
primordial nature of a people who rose up to regain their dignity, esteem and
human rights. The Islamic Revolution toppled a regime which had been put in
place through a coup, and supported by those who claim to be advocates of
democracy and human rights thwarted the aspirations of the nation for
development and progress for 25 years through intimidation and torture of the
populace and.submission and subservience to outsiders.
The Islamic Republic of Iran is the manifestation of true democracy in the
region. The discourse of the Iranian nation is focused on respect for the rights of
human beings and a quest for tranquility, peace, justice and development for all
For 8 years, Saddam's regime imposed a massive war of aggression and
occupation on my people. It employed the most heinous weapons of mass
destruction — including chemical weapons — against Iranians and Iraqis alike.
Who, in fact, armed Saddam with these weapons? What was the reaction of those
who now claim to fight against WMDs regarding the use of chemical weapons
back then? The world is witness to the fact that the Islamic Republic of Iran,
because of its humanitarian principles, even during the most testing of times and
when it was sustaining the highest number of casualties, never allowed itself to use
Thousands of nuclear warheads that are stockpiled in various locations
coupled with programs to further develop these inhuman weapons have created a
new atmosphere of repression and the rule of the machines of war, threatening the
international community and even the citizens of the countries that possess them.
Ironically, those who have actually used nuclear weapons, continue to
produce, stockpile and extensively test such weapons, have used depleted uranium
bombs and bullets against tens and perhaps hundreds of thousands of Iraqis,
Kuwaitis, and even their own soldiers and those of their allies, afflicting them with
incurable diseases, blatantly violate their obligations under the NPT, have
refrained from signing the CTBT and have armed the Zionist occupation regime
with WMDs, are not only refusing to remedy their past deeds, but in clear breech
of the NPT, are trying to prevent other countries from acquiring the technology to
produce peaceful nuclear energy.
All these problems emanate from the fact that justice and spirituality are
missing in the way powerful governments conduct their affairs with other nations.
After September 11, a particular radical group was accused of terrorist
activities -- although it was never explained how such huge intelligence gathering
and security organizations failed to prevent such an extensive and well planned
Why powers that, not so long ago, were supporting the activities of such
groups in Afghanistan — and thus portraying themselves as supporters of human
rights and the Afghan people — have over night turned into their most fierce critic?
Are we to believe that their benefactors, i.e. the very same hegemonic
powers have lost control?
If the answer is yes, would it not be better for those powers to adopt an
honest and transparent approach to the international community, provide precise
information about the main elements and their arms and financial support system,
and accept responsibility for their inhuman actions against nations and countries,
and thereby assist peoples and nations to correctly, wisely and sincerely fight the
roots of terrorism.
We must endeavor to achieve stainable tranquility and peace based on
justice and spirituality.
Mr. President, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,
Terrorism and WMDs are two major threats before the international
community. The Islamic Republic of Iran, as one of the main victims of terrorism
and chemical weapons, fully appreciates the difficulties that lie ahead in the road to
combat these menaces. Today, the most serious challenge is that the culprits are
arrogating to themselves the role of the prosecutor. Even more dangerous is that
certain parties relying on their power and wealth try to impose a climate of
intimidation and injustice over the world make bullying, while — through their huge
media resources — portray themselves as defenders of freedom, democracy and
People around the world are fully aware of what is happening in the
occupied Palestine. Women and children are being murdered and adolescents taken
prisoner. Houses are being demolished and farms burnt down. Yet, when the
people of Palestine resist these conditions, they are accused of terrorism. At the
same time, the occupier, which does not abide by any principles and terror is part
of its pronounced and routine policy enjoys the support of the previously
mentioned governments. Let me be blunter. State terrorism is being supported by
those who claim to fight terrorism.
How can one talk about human rights and at the same time blatantly deny
many the inalienable right to have access to science and technology with
applications in medicine, industry and energy and through force and intimidation
hinder their progress and development?
Can nations be deprived of scientific and technological progress through the
threat of use of force and based on mere allegations of possibility of military
diversion? We believe that all countries and nations are entitled to technological
and scientific advancement in all fields, particularly the peaceful technology to
produce nuclear fuel. Such access can not be restricted to a few, depriving most
nations and by establishing economic monopolies, use them as an instrument to
expand their domination.
We have gathered here to defend human rights in accordance with Charter of
UN and prevent certain powers from claiming that "some countries have more
rights" or that "some countries do not have the right to enjoy their legitimate
We must not, at the beginning of the 21st century, revert to the logic of the
dark ages and once again try to deny societies access to scientific and technological
Mr. President, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,
The UN must be the symbol of democracy and the equal rights of nations. If
we talk about the equal rights of nations in political forums, we must talk of the
same concept in this forum as well. Similarly, if we talk about the right of
sovereignty, then all nations must be allowed to exercise their rights on an equal
footing and in a democratic process.
The UN can be the standard bearer of democracy in the world, when it,
itself, is a manifestation of democratic process.
I reiterate that durable tranquility and peace can only be built on justice and
Mr. President, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,
The Islamic Republic of Iran is a symbol of true democracy. All officials
including the Leader, President, members of the Islamic Consultative Assembly,
city and village councils are elected through the vote of the citizens. The Islamic
Republic of Iran has held 27 national elections in 27 years. This showcases a
vibrant and dynamic society in which people widely participate in the political life.
Because of its key importance and influence in the important and strategic
Middle East region, the Islamic Republic of Iran is committed to contribute
actively to the promotion of peace and stability in the region.
Saddam Taliban regimes were both the products of foreign powers. The
people of Afghanistan and Iraq know very well who supported these two regimes.
Today, to establish peace and security in the region, foreign occupation forces
must leave and completely hand over the political and economic sovereignty of
these two countries to their peoples.
The Islamic Republic of Iran will continue to provide full and
comprehensive support to the people of Iraq and Afghanistan and their elected
governments, and will actively help them in the establishment of order and
security. My country will continue and expand its sincere cooperation and
interaction with them.v
In Palestine, a durable peace will be possible through justice, an end to
discrimination and the occupation of Palestinian land, the return of all Palestinian
refugees, and the establishment of a democratic Palestinian state with Al-Quds Al-
Sharif as its capital.
Mr. President; Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,
Today, more than ever, nations need constructive, positive and honest
cooperation and interaction in order to enjoy a dignified, tranquil and peaceful life
based on justice and spirituality. Let us enter into a collective covenant to realize
this legitimate aspiration of our nations.
Here, I would like to briefly talk about the approach and initiative of the
Islamic Republic of Iran on the nuclear issue.
Nuclear weapons and their proliferation, and attempts to impose an apartheid
regime on access to peaceful nuclear energy, are two major threats, challenging
international tranquility and peace.
Keeping in mind that in past years no serious efforts – complimented by
practical mechanisms -- have been made to move towards full disarmament and
more specifically implement the decisions and outcomes of the NPT Review
Conferences of 1995 and 2000, I suggest that the General Assembly, as the most
inclusive UN organ, mandate an ad-hoc committee to compile and submit a
comprehensive report on possible practical mechanisms and strategies for complete
This Committee should also be asked to investigate as to how – contrary to
the NPT -- material, technology and equipment for nuclear weapons were
transferred to the Zionist regime, and to propose practical measures for the
establishment -of a nuclear-weapons-free zone in the Middle East.
Some powerful states practice a discriminatory approach against access of
NPT members to material, equipment, and peaceful nuclear technology, and by
doing so, intend to impose a nuclear apartheid. We are concerned that once certain
powerful states completely control nuclear energy resources and technology, they
will deny access to other states and thus deepen the divide between powerful
countries and the rest of the international community. When that happens, we will
be divided into light and dark countries.
Regrettably, in the past 30 years, no effective measure has been
implemented to facilitate the exercise of the legally recognized right of NPT stateparties
to have access to and use peaceful nuclear energy in accordance with article
IV. Therefore, the General Assembly should ask the IAEA – in accordance with
article 2 of its Statute– to report on violations by specific countries that have
hindered the implementation of the above article and also produce practical
strategies for its renewed implementation.
What needs our particular attention is the fact that peaceful use of nuclear
energy without possession of nuclear fuel cycle is an empty proposition. Nuclear
power plants can indeed lead to total dependence of countries and peoples if they
need to rely for their fuel on coercive powers, who do not refrain from any
measure in furtherance of their interests. No popularly elected and responsible
government can consider such a situation in the interest of its people. The history
of dependence on oil in oil rich countries under domination is an experiment that
no independent country is willing to repeat.
Those hegemonic powers, who consider scientific and technological
progress of independent and free nations as a challenge to their monopoly on these
important instruments of power and who do not want to see such achievements in
other countries, have misrepresented Iran's healthy and fully safeguarded
technological endeavors in the nuclear field as pursuit of nuclear weapons. This is
nothing but a propaganda ploy. The Islamic Republic of Iran is presenting in good
faith its proposal for constructive interaction and a just dialogue. However, if some
try to impose their will on the Iranian people through resort to a language of force
and threat with Iran, we will reconsider our entire approach to the nuclear issue.
Allow me, as the elected President of the Iranian people, to outline the
other main elements of my country's initiative regarding the nuclear issue:
The Islamic Republic of Iran reiterates its previously and repeatedly declared
position that in accordance with our religious principles, pursuit of nuclear
weapons is prohibited.
- The Islamic Republic of Iran believes that it is necessary to revitalize the NPT
and create the above-mentioned ad-hoc committee so that it can combat nuclear
weapons and abolish the apartheid in peaceful nuclear technology.
- Technically, the fuel cycle of the Islamic Republic of Iran is not different from
that of other countries which have peaceful nuclear technology. Therefore, as a
further confidence building measure and in order to provide the greatest degree
of transparency, the Islamic Republic of Iran is prepared to engage in serious
partnership with private and public sectors of other countries in the
implementation of uranium enrichment program in Iran. This represents the
most far reaching step, outside all requirements of the NPT, being proposed by
Iran as a further confidence building measure.
- In keeping with Iran's inalienable right to have access to a nuclear fuel cycle,
continued interaction and technical and legal cooperation with the IAEA will be
the centerpiece of our nuclear policy. Initiation and continuation of negotiations
with other countries will be carried out in the context of Iran's interaction with
the Agency. With this in mind, I have directed the relevant Iranian officials to
compile the legal and technical details, of Iran's nuclear approach, based on the
4.1. International precedence tells us that nuclear fuel- delivery contracts are
unreliable and no legally binding international document or instrument
exists to guarantee the delivery of nuclear fuel. On many occasions such
bilateral contracts have either been suspended or stopped altogether for
political reasons. Therefore, the Islamic Republic of Iran, in its pursuit of
peaceful nuclear technology, considers it within its legitimate rights to
receive objective guarantees for uranium enrichment in the nuclear fuel
4.2. In its negotiations with the EU3, Iran has tried in earnest to prove the
solid and rightful foundations of its nuclear activity in the context of the
NPT, and to establish mutual trust. The selection of our negotiating partners
and the continuation of negotiations with the EU3 will be commensurate
with the requirements of our cooperation with the Agency regarding nondiversion
of the process of uranium enrichment to non-peaceful purposes in
the framework of the provisions of the NPT. In this context, several
proposals have been presented which can be considered in the context of
negotiations. The Islamic Republic of Iran appreciates the positive
contribution of South Africa and H.E. President Mbeki personally in the
resolution of the nuclear issue and cognizant of South Africa's active role in
the IAEA Board of Governors would welcome its active participation in the
4.3. The discriminatory approaches regarding the NPT that focuses on the
obligations of state-parties and disregards their rights under the Treaty
should be discontinued.
As the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, I assure you that my
country will use everything in its power to contribute to global tranquility and
peace based on the two maxims of spirituality and justice as well as the equal
rights of all peoples and nations. My country will interact and cooperate
constructively with the international community to face the challenges before us.
Dear Friends and Colleagues,
From the beginning of time, humanity has longed for the day when justice,
peace, equality and compassion envelop the world. All of us can contribute to the
establishment of such a world. When that day comes, the ultimate promise of all
Divine religions will be fulfilled with the emergence of a perfect human being who
is heir to all prophets and pious men. He will lead the world to justice and absolute
O mighty Lord, I pray to you to hasten the emergence of your last
repository, the promised one, that perfect and pure human being, the one that will
fill this world with justice and peace. O Lord, include us among his companions,
followers and those who serve his cause.
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