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Nach dem Ende von ISAF geht die volle Verantwortung auf die afghanische Regierung über / When ISAF operations end, the Afghan authorities will assume full responsibility for security

However, our commitment to Afghanistan will endure beyond ISAF / Die NATO wird aber bleiben. Dokumentiert: Afghanistan-Erklärung des NATO-Gipfels in Wales

Der NATO-Gipfel 2014 in Wales befasste sich selbstverständlich auch mit der Situation in Afghanistan. Hierzu wurde ein eigene Erklärung verabschiedet, die vor allem darauf Bezug nimnmt, dass Ende des Jahres der größte Teil der NATO-Truppen aus dem Land abgezogen werden.

13 Jahre lang - so die offizielle Lesart - habe die NATO-geführte ISAF (International Security Assistance Force) erfolgreich beim Wiederaufbau Afghanistans geholfen. Man habe dazu beigetragen, dass das afghanische Volk wieder die Kontrolle über das Schicksal der Nation gewonnen hat. "Signifikante" Fortschritte seien erzielt worden in der Bildung, im Gesundheitswesen, bei der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung, in Bezug auf die Menschenrechte und grundlegende Freiheiten, insbesondere für Frauen.

Wenn die Mission von ISAF endet, werden die afghanischen Sicherheitskräfte die volle Verantwortung für die Sicherheit des Landes übernehmen. Dennoch stehe die NATO weiterhin zu ihrem Versprechen, auch über den Abzugstermin hinaus sicherzustellen, dass "wir nie wieder von Terroristen aus Afghanistan heraus bedroht werden.

Die Unterstützung für Afghanistan wird auf dreierlei Weise fortgesetzt:
  • Kurzfristig sollen die afghanischen Sicherheitskräfte (ANSF) nach 2014 trainiert, beraten und unterstützt werden, und zwar durch eine nicht kämpfende Mission;
  • Mittelfristig (und zwar bis einschließlich 2017) wird der Beitrag der NATO in der finanziellen Unterstützung der ANSF liegen. Darüber hinaus soll Hilfe geleistet werden, bis Afghanistan ab dem Jahr 2024 solcher Unterstützung nicht mehr bedarf.
  • Aber auch langfristig bleibt die Partnerschaft zwischen Afghanistan und der NATO bestehen "NATO-Afghanistan Enduring Partnership"). Auf dieser Grundlage werde sich Afghanistan zu einer stabilen Größe in Zentralasien entwickeln, das in Frieden mit seinen Nachbarn existieren kann.
    (Zusammenfassung: Pst)

    D o k u m e n t i e r t :

    Wales Summit Declaration on Afghanistan

    Issued by Heads of State and Government of Allies and their International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) troop contributing partners
    1. Today we honoured Afghan and international personnel who have lost their lives or been injured while serving in the largest military coalition in recent history. We also pay tribute to the hundreds of thousands of military and civilian personnel who have served with ISAF and the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) over the past thirteen years. Their sacrifices and efforts have made all of our nations safer and improved global security. For that, we are grateful.
    2. ISAF has assisted the Afghan people to regain control over their nation’s destiny. It has enabled Afghanistan to develop its security capabilities. It has helped Afghanistan make significant advances in education, health, economic development, human rights and fundamental freedoms, notably for women. Moreover, ISAF has demonstrated political solidarity among our nations and improved our ability to act and operate together.
    3. ISAF will conclude at the end of 2014 as planned. For over a year, the ANSF have been in the lead for combat operations throughout the country. Although many challenges remain, they have demonstrated that they are an effective force, gaining the respect and confidence of the Afghan people and able to prevent insurgents from achieving their objectives. When ISAF operations end, the Afghan authorities will assume full responsibility for security. However, our commitment to Afghanistan will endure beyond ISAF along with our determination to ensure that we are never again threatened by terrorists from within Afghanistan.
    4. With the end of ISAF, the nature and scope of our engagement with Afghanistan will change. We envisage three parallel, mutually reinforcing, strands of activity:
      • a. In the short term, the Resolute Support Mission. As decided at the Chicago Summit in 2012, at the invitation of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, and in the context of the broader international effort to help Afghanistan, NATO Allies and partner nations stand ready to continue to train, advise and assist the ANSF after 2014. This will be done through a new, non-combat mission with a sound legal basis. The mission’s establishment is contingent on the signing of the U.S.-Afghanistan Bilateral Security Agreement and NATO-Afghanistan Status of Forces Agreement. The Resolute Support Mission should ideally, in consultation with the Government of Afghanistan, be supported by a United Nations Security Council Resolution.
      • b. In the medium term, our contribution to the financial sustainment of the ANSF. At Chicago, NATO allies and ISAF partners decided to provide support to the ANSF, as appropriate, through the Transformation Decade, on the understanding that the Afghan Government will make an increasing financial contribution to this endeavour. Today, nations renewed their financial commitments to support the sustainment of the ANSF, including to the end of 2017. We also urge the wider international community to remain engaged in the financial sustainment of the ANSF. We will maintain and strengthen the transparent, accountable and cost-effective funding mechanisms we have established since Chicago, including the Oversight and Coordination Body, which will ensure donors can confidently commit this support. Realising the full promise of the pledges made at Chicago on the financial sustainment of the ANSF, which we have reaffirmed today, will require transparency, accountability, and cost-effectiveness of the relevant international funding mechanisms. We encourage the Afghan Government to continue and strengthen efforts to fight corruption. We look forward to working with the Afghan authorities to review the force structure and capabilities of the ANSF to achieve a sufficient and sustainable force. We restate the aim, agreed at Chicago, that Afghanistan should assume, no later than 2024, full financial responsibility for its own security forces.
      • c. In the long term, NATO-Afghanistan Enduring Partnership. NATO Allies remain committed to the NATO-Afghanistan Enduring Partnership, agreed at the Lisbon Summit in 2010. The strengthening of this partnership will reflect the changing nature of NATO’s relationship with Afghanistan whilst complementing the Resolute Support Mission and continuing beyond it. Both the political and practical elements of this partnership should be jointly owned and strengthened through regular consultation on issues of strategic concern. NATO is ready to work with Afghanistan to develop this partnership in line with NATO’s Partnership Policy, possibly including the development of an Individual Partnership Cooperation Programme at an appropriate time.
    5. We will continue to support an Afghan-led, Afghan-owned and inclusive peace process, as stated at the 2011 Bonn Conference and at the Chicago Summit in 2012. We welcome efforts by all parties that further this process.
    6. Good neighbourly relations, as well as regional support and cooperation will remain essential. This has been strengthened notably by the Istanbul Process in the Heart of Asia region.
    7. A stable Afghanistan will be able to make a positive contribution to the wider region including through delivering progress in the fight against narcotics trafficking, illegal migration, terrorism and crime.
    8. We are resolved to support Afghanistan in making further progress towards becoming a stable, sovereign, democratic and united country, where rule of law and good governance prevail and in which human rights, and notably those of children, are fully protected. We emphasize the particular importance of strengthening efforts to implement the rights of women and the United Nations Security Council Resolutions on Women, Peace and Security, and to include women fully in political, peace and reconciliation processes. We further recognize the need for the protection of children from the damaging effects of armed conflict as required in relevant United Nations Resolutions. We also welcome continued work to strengthen the protection of civilians by all parties concerned. Thus, we are committed to continue working with Afghanistan to further strengthen these values and principles.
    9. Today we have extended significant offers of support and partnership to Afghanistan as it determines its own future. We remain steadfast and resolute in our commitment to the Afghan people.
    NATO: Press Release (2014) 121

    Quelle: NATO-Newsletter vom 4. September 2014

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