UN-Sicherheitsrat verstärkt UN-Truppe in Ostkongo / Security Council authorizes boost to UN peacekeeping force

3100 Blauhelme zusätzlich. Die Resolution 1843 (2008) im Wortlaut (englisch) / Resolution 1843 (2008) (verbatim)

In den vergangenen zwei bis drei Monaten eskalierte der Bürgerkrieg im Osten des zentralafrikanischen Staates Kongo und warf ein grelles Licht auf die fehlende Wirksamkeit der dort stationierten UN-Blauhelme. Zahlreiche Appelle an die Konfliktparteien - hinter denen diverse ausländische Regime und Interessen stehen - verhallten ergebnislos. Am 20. November 2008 verabschiedete der UN-Sicherheitsrat eine Resolution, in der die Aufstockung der UN-Truppe im Rahmen von MONUC vorgesehen ist.
Im Folgenden dokumentieren wir einen kurzen Bericht dazu (deutsch) sowie einen UN-eigenen Bericht sowie die Resolution 1843 (2008) im Wortlaut (englisch).
Hier geht es zur Resolution 1843 in Deutsch.



Verstärkung für UN-Truppe

Ostkongo: 3100 Blauhelme zusätzlich. Internationale Diplomatie hilflos *

Der Sicherheitsrat der Vereinten Nationen reagierte am Donnerstag (20. Nov.) auf die seit zwei Monaten anhaltenden Kämpfe im Osten der Demokratischen Republik Kongo erneut hilflos: Er beschloß eine Aufstockung der Blauhelmtruppe (MONUC) um 3100 Soldaten. Bisher umfaßt die »Friedensmission« bereits 17000 gut ausgerüstete Bewaffnete, die sich indes als unfähig erwiesen, den Krieg um die Bodenschätze der Region zu verhindern. Der weltgrößten UN-Militärmission gelang es nicht, ein Wiederaufflammen der Kämpfe zwischen Rebellen und Regierungstruppen in dem zentralafrikanischen Riesenreich zu verhindern.

Woher die zusätzlichen Soldaten kommen würden, blieb zunächst unklar. »Experten«, so die Agentur AP am Donnerstag, sehen »nur dann eine realistische Chance, den Frieden zu sichern, wenn mehr hoch qualifizierte und gut ausgerüstete Soldaten mit einem robusten Mandat« ins Land kämen. Im Gespräch waren bereits eine französische oder europäische Truppe. Besonders Paris und Brüssel drängten in den vergangenen Wochen auf den Einsatz sogenannter »Battlegroups«.

UN-Generalsekretär Ban Ki Moon forderte am Donnerstag (20. Nov.) -- wie bereits seit Wochen -- einen sofortigen Waffenstillstand im Ostkongo und die Errichtung sicherer Korridore für die Lieferung von Hilfsgütern. Etwa 300000 Menschen sind dort auf der Flucht vor den Kämpfen. Offensichtlich wurde am Sitz der UNO in New York, daß die Versuche, zu einer Verhandlungslösung zu kommen, wieder einmal gescheitert sind. Es war zwar gelungen, auf einem regionalen Gipfel die beiden Hauptbeteiligten an den Kämpfen, Ruandas Präsident Paul Kagame und seinen kongolesischen Amtskollegen Joseph Kabila, an einen Tisch zu bekommen, doch ohne Erfolg. Tatsächlich wird die wichtige Rolle, die Ruanda grenzübergreifend im Kampf um die Bodenschätze spielt, unterbewertet. Bekannt ist, daß die Rebellenarmee des Generals Laurent Nkunda von Kigali alimentiert wird und daß ruandische Truppen diese bei den jüngsten Kämpfen unterstützten.

Unterdessen kam es nördlich von Goma nach Angaben der Nkunda-Rebellen, die angeblich einen Waffenstillstand befürworten, erneut zu Gefechten mit Regierungstruppen und deren Verbündeten. Rebellensprecher Bertrand Bisimwa warnte jedoch, wenn die UN-Soldaten den Frieden in dem Gebiet nicht sicherstellen könnten, dann »greifen wir die Gruppen an, die versuchen, dort die Kontrolle zu übernehmen«. (AFP/AP/jW)

* Aus: junge Welt, 21. November 2008


Security Council authorizes boost to UN peacekeeping force in DR Congo

MONUC Peacekeepers provide security at IDP camp in Kibati, North Kivu 20 November 2008 -- The Security Council today authorized a temporary increase of more than 3,000 blue helmets serving with the United Nations peacekeeping mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to deal with the violence in the country's east, which has displaced an estimated 250,000 civilians in recent months.

The extra 2,785 troops and 300 police officers will buttress the 17,000 uniformed personnel already serving with the mission (known as MONUC), the largest UN force worldwide but one faced with the task of quelling unrest and protecting civilians in one of Africa's largest countries.

Council members voted unanimously this morning for a resolution authorizing the extra numbers following a request from Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon who, along with other senior UN officials, has said that existing troop numbers in MONUC are inadequate to deal with the scale of the fighting and unrest.

The resolution authorizes the extra troops and police officers until 31 December, adding that the duration of the stay depends on the security situation in DRC's North Kivu and South Kivu provinces.

MONUC is especially active in North Kivu, which borders Rwanda and has been the scene of fierce fighting in recent weeks between Congolese military forces (FARDC) and a rebel militia known as the CNDP, which is led by renegade army general Laurent Nkunda. Other militia groups, including the Mayi-Mayi, have also been involved in clashes, some of which have been along ethnic lines.

The fighting has forced hundreds of thousands of locals to flee their homes, and UN aid agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have been working to provide relief to civilians.

Mr. Ban's Special Envoy on the issue, the former Nigerian president Olusegun Obasanjo, has held talks over the past week with Mr. Nkunda and regional leaders, including DRC President Joseph Kabila, to try to devise a political solution to the conflict.

MONUC reports today that the security situation in North Kivu is relatively calm, with CNDP forces withdrawing from previously held positions, in line with a declaration issued yesterday.

At the same time, however, MONUC blue helmets came under fire from Mayi Mayi armed groups near the town of Rutshuru, although there were no casualties.

The mission's Force Commander, General Babacar Gaye, has concluded a two-day visit to the region around Goma, the capital of North Kivu.

He said UN peacekeepers lived up to their mandate during the recent fighting and he was proud to note that they evacuated several wounded FARDC soldiers from the front lines and ensured they received appropriate care in either UN hospitals or the state medical facilities in Goma.

Quelle: Website der Vereinten Nationen; www.un.org


Security Council, 6018th Meeting, 20 November 2008

Resolution 1843 (2008)

The Security Council,

Recalling its previous resolutions and statements of its President concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo, in particular resolutions 1794 (2007) and 1756 (2007) and the statement of its President dated 29 October 2008 (S/PRST/2008/40),

Expressing its strong support to the United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) in its efforts to restore peace in the Kivus and taking note of the letter addressed by the Secretary-General to the President of the Security Council dated 31 October 2008 (S/2008/703) requesting additional capacities for MONUC in order to ensure the effective implementation of its mandate,

Recalling that under resolution 1794 (2007) the mandate of MONUC expires on 31 December 2008 and looking forward to the report and recommendations of the Secretary-General regarding MONUC's mandate and reconfiguration,

Reaffirming its commitment to respect the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of the Democratic Republic of the Congo,

Reiterating its condemnation of the resurgence of violence in the eastern region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and demanding all parties to immediately respect a ceasefire,

Welcoming the appointment of former Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo by the Secretary-General as his Special Envoy for the Great Lakes Region and calling on all parties to the conflict to cooperate with him in finding an urgent political solution to the crisis,

Expressing its extreme concern at the deteriorating humanitarian situation and in particular the targeted attacks against the civilian population, sexual violence, recruitment of child soldiers and summary executions, considering that this situation should be addressed as a matter of urgency,

Urging all parties to ensure timely, safe and unhindered access of all humanitarian actors and to comply fully with their obligations under international law, including international humanitarian law, human rights law and refugee law,

Determining that the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continues to pose a threat to international peace and security in the region,

Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,

1. Decides to authorize, as recommended by the Secretary-General in his letter dated 31 October 2008 (S/2008/703), a temporary increase of MONUC's authorized military strength by up to 2,785 military personnel, and the strength of its formed police unit by up to 300 personnel;

2. Authorizes the immediate deployment of those additional capacities until 31 December 2008 and expresses its intention to extend this authorization on the occasion of MONUC's mandate renewal, underlining that the duration of stay of the additional forces will depend on the security situation in the Kivus;

3. Stresses that this temporary increase in personnel aims at enabling MONUC to reinforce its capacity to protect civilians, to reconfigure its structure and forces and to optimize their deployment;

4. Underscores the importance of MONUC implementing its mandate in full, including through robust rules of engagement;

5. Emphasizes that MONUC will be reviewed in view of the recent developments by 31 December 2008;

6. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

(Unanimously adopted resolution)

Source: www.un.org




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