"... reaffirms the authorisation for the multinational force under unified command"
Full text: Resolution 1546 (2004) on the future of Iraq
Im Folgenden dokumentieren wir die neue Irak-Resolution, die am 8. Juni im UN-Sicherheitsrat verabschiedet wurd. Es handelt sich um die vierte Fassung des britisch-amerikanischen Entwurfs. Die Resolution 1546 (2004) und die Anhänge werden im englischen Original veröffentlicht, eine kurze Zusammenfassung der wesentlichen Punkte in deutscher Sprache folgt einer Zusammenstellung von dpa vom 8. Juni 2004.
Die wichtigsten Festlegungen der UN-Resolution:
Und hier geht es zu einer ersten kritischen Stellungnahme zur Resolution aus der Friedensbewegung:
Die Souveränität und Autorität der am 1. Juni gebildeten irakischen Übergangsregierung, die am 30. Juni die Besatzungsmacht ablöst, wird von den UN anerkannt.
Die Provisorische Koalitionsbehörde, also die Besatzungsregierung, wird zum 30. Juni aufgelöst und der Irak erhält seine «volle Souveränität» zurück.
Der Sicherheitsrat bestätigt den Zeitplan für den Übergang zur Demokratie. Nach der Amtsübernahme durch die Übergangsregierung am 30. Juni sieht der Plan «direkte demokratische Wahlen» zu einer Übergangs-Nationalversammlung bis zum 31. Dezember 2004, spätestens jedoch bis zum 31. Januar 2005 vor. Dieses provisorische Parlament soll eine Übergangsregierung bilden, eine neue Verfassung entwerfen und auf dieser Grundlage Wahlen für eine demokratische Regierung bis zum 31. Dezember 2005 vorbereiten.
- Die Vereinten Nationen sollen den Übergangsprozess aktiv unterstützen und insbesondere bei der Organisierung der Wahlen, einer Nationalen Konferenz aller gesellschaftlichen Kräfte im Juli 2004, bei der Schaffung einer unabhängigen Wahlkommission, der Ausarbeitung der Verfassung sowie beim Aufbau der Behörden und sozialen Dienste helfen.
- Die US-geführte «multinationale Streitmacht» wird autorisiert, «alle erforderlichen Maßnahmen» zur Aufrechterhaltung von Sicherheit und Stabilität zu ergreifen. In diesem Zusammenhang wird auf die Briefe des Ministerpräsidenten der irakischen Übergangsregierung und des US-Außenministers an den UN-Sicherheitsrat verwiesen, mit denen die Zusammenarbeit zwischen beiden Seiten bei militärischen Operationen geregelt wird.
- Dazu wird in dem Briefwechsel die Bildung eines Nationalen Sicherheitskomitees festgelegt, dem auch Vertreter des Kommandos der US-geführten Streitkräfte angehören. Die in den beiden Briefen beschrieben «Sicherheitsstrukturen» sollen gewährleisten, dass die multinationale Streitmacht und die irakische Regierung in grundlegenden Fragen der Sicherheit und bei größeren Militäroperationen Übereinstimmung erzielen. (Ein konkretes Vetorecht der irakischen Seite bei US-Militäroperationen wurde nicht festgeschrieben.)
- Das Mandat für die US-geführte multinationale Streitmacht läuft mit der Vollendung des Übergangsprozesses aus. Das Kriterium dafür ist der bis Ende 2005/Anfang 2006 angestrebte Amtsantritt einer demokratisch gewählten Regierung. Der Sicherheitsrat überprüft das Mandat nach zwölf Monaten. Es wird bereits früher beendet, wenn die irakische Regierung dies verlangen sollte.
- Die Übergangsregierung verfügt über die wirtschaftlichen Ressourcen des Iraks, insbesondere seine Öl- und Erdgasvorkommen. Bis auf weiteres kontrolliert aber ein internationales Gremium die Verwendung aller Mittel aus dem Entwicklungsfonds für den Irak.
"Irak-Resolution ändert nichts am Besatzungsregime und unterstellt die UNO den USA"
Pressemitteilung: Friedensratschlag kritisiert die Resolution des UN-Sicherheitsrats und die Haltung der Bundesregierung (8. Juni 2004)
Resolution 1546 (2004)
Adopted unanimously from the UN Security Council; 4987th Meeting (PM), Tuesday 8 June 2004:
The Security Council,
the beginning of a new phase in Iraq's transition to a democratically elected government, and looking forward to the end of the occupation and the assumption of full responsibility and authority by a fully sovereign and independent Interim Government of Iraq by 30 June 2004.
all of its previous relevant resolutions on Iraq.
the independence, sovereignty, unity, and territorial integrity of Iraq.
the right of the Iraqi people freely to determine their own political future and control their own natural resources.
the importance of international support, particularly that of countries in the region, Iraq's neighbours, and regional organisations, for the people of Iraq in their efforts to achieve security and prosperity, and noting that the successful implementation of this resolution will contribute to regional stability.
the efforts of the Special Advisor to the Secretary-General to assist the people of Iraq in achieving the formation of the Interim Government of Iraq, as set out in the letter of the Secretary-General of 1/88 3/8 June 2004.
of the dissolution of the Governing Council of Iraq, and welcoming the progress made in implementing the arrangements for Iraq's political transition referred to in resolution 1511 (2003)
of 16 October 2003.
the commitment of the Interim Government of Iraq to work towards a federal, democratic, pluralist and unified Iraq, in which there is full respect for political and human rights.
the need for all parties to respect and protect Iraq's archaeological, historical, cultural and religious heritage, Affirming the importance of the rule of law, respect for human rights including the rights of women, fundamental freedoms, and democracy including free and fair elections.
the establishment of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) on 14 August 2003, and affirming that the United Nations should play a leading role in assisting the Iraqi people and government in the formation of institutions for representative government.
that international support for restoration of stability and security is essential to the well-being of the people of Iraq as well as to the ability of all concerned to carry out their work on behalf of the people of Iraq, and welcoming Member State contributions in this regard under resolution 1483 (2003)
of 22 May 2003 and resolution 1511 (2003)
the report provided by the United States to the Security Council on 16 April 2004 on the efforts and progress made by the multinational force.
the request conveyed in the letter of 5 June 2004
from the Prime Minister of the Interim Government of Iraq to the President of the Council, which is annexed to this resolution, to retain the presence of the multinational force.
also the importance of the consent of the sovereign Government of Iraq for the presence of the multinational force and of close coordination between the multinational force and that government.
the willingness of the multinational force to continue efforts to contribute to the maintenance of security and stability in Iraq in support of the political transition, especially for upcoming elections, and to provide security for the UN presence in Iraq, as described in the letter of 5 June 2004
from the United States Secretary of State to the President of the Council, which is annexed to this resolution.
the commitment of all forces promoting the maintenance of security and stability in Iraq to act in accordance with international law, including obligations under international humanitarian law, and cooperate with relevant international organisations.
the importance of international assistance in reconstruction and development of the Iraqi economy.
the benefits to Iraq of the immunities and privileges enjoyed by Iraqi oil revenues and by the Development Fund for Iraq, and noting the importance of providing for continued disbursements of this fund by the Interim Government of Iraq and its successors upon dissolution of the Coalition Provisional Authority.
that the situation in Iraq continues to constitute a threat to international peace and security.
under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations:
the formation of a sovereign Interim Government of Iraq, as presented on 1 June 2004, which will assume full responsibility and authority by 30 June 2004 for governing Iraq while refraining from taking any actions affecting Iraq's destiny beyond the limited interim period until an elected Transitional Government of Iraq assumes office as envisaged in paragraph four below;
that, also by 30 June 2004, the occupation will end and the Coalition Provisional Authority will cease to exist, and that Iraq will reassert its full sovereignty;
the right of the Iraqi people freely to determine their own political future and to exercise full authority and control over their financial and natural resources;
the proposed timetable for Iraq's political transition to democratic government including:
(a) formation of the sovereign Interim Government of Iraq that will assume governing responsibility and authority by 30 June 2004;
(b) convening of a national conference reflecting the diversity of Iraqi society; and
(c) holding of direct democratic elections by 31 December 2004 if possible, and in no case later than 31 January 2005, to a Transitional National Assembly, which will, inter alia, have responsibility for forming a Transitional Government of Iraq and drafting a permanent constitution for Iraq leading to a constitutionally-elected government by 31 December 2005;
the Government of Iraq to consider how the convening of an international meeting could support the above process, and notes that it would welcome such a meeting to support the Iraqi political transition and Iraqi recovery, to the benefit of the Iraqi people, and in the interest of stability in the region.
6. Calls on
all Iraqis to implement these arrangements peaceably and in full, and on all States and relevant organisations to support such implementation.
that in implementing, as circumstances permit, their mandate to assist the Iraqi people and government, the Special Representative of the Secretary General and the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI), as requested by the Government of Iraq, shall:
(a) play a leading role
to: (i) assist in the convening, during the month of July 2004, of a national conference to select a Consultative Council; (ii) advise and support the Interim Government of Iraq, the Independent Electoral Commission of Iraq, and the Transitional National Assembly on the process for holding elections; (iii) promote national dialogue and consensus-building on the drafting of a national constitution by the people of Iraq;
(b) and also:
the Government of Iraq in the development of effective civil and social services;
to the coordination and delivery of reconstruction, development, and humanitarian assistance;
the protection of human rights, national reconciliation, and judicial and legal reform in order to strengthen the rule of law in Iraq; and
(iv) advise and assist
the Government of Iraq on initial planning for the eventual conduct of a comprehensive census.
ongoing efforts by the incoming Interim Government of Iraq to develop Iraqi security forces, including the Iraqi armed forces, operating under the authority of the Interim Government of Iraq and its successors, which will progressively play a greater role and ultimately assume full responsibility for the maintenance of security and stability in Iraq;
that the presence of the multinational force in Iraq is at the request of the incoming Interim Government of Iraq and therefore reaffirms the authorisation for the multinational force under unified command established under resolution 1511 (2003)
having regard to the letters annexed to this resolution;
that the multinational force shall have the authority to take all necessary measures to contribute to the maintenance of security and stability in Iraq in accordance with the letters annexed to this resolution expressing, inter alia, the Iraqi request for the continued presence of the multinational force and setting out its tasks, including by preventing and deterring terrorism, so that, inter alia, the United Nations can fulfil its role in assisting the Iraqi people as outlined in paragraph seven above and the Iraqi people can implement freely and without intimidation the timetable and program for the political process and benefit from reconstruction and rehabilitation activities;
in this regard the letters annexed to this resolution stating, inter alia, that arrangements are being put in place to establish a security partnership between the multinational force and the sovereign Government of Iraq and to ensure co-ordination between the two, and noting also in this regard that Iraqi security forces are responsible to appropriate Iraqi ministers, that the Government of Iraq has authority to commit Iraqi security forces to the multinational force to engage in operations with it, and that the security structures described in the letters will serve as the fora for the multinational force and Iraqi government to reach agreement on the full range of fundamental security and policy issues, including policy on sensitive offensive operations, and will ensure full partnership between Iraqi forces and the multinational force, through close co-ordination and consultation;
further that the mandate for the multinational force shall be reviewed at the request of the Government of Iraq or twelve months from the date of this resolution, and that this mandate shall expire upon the completion of the political process set out in paragraph four above, and declares that it will terminate this mandate earlier if requested by the Government of Iraq;
the intention, set out in the annexed letter from the United States Secretary of State, to create a distinct entity under unified command of the multinational force with a dedicated mission to provide security for the UN presence in Iraq, recognises that the implementation of measures to provide security for staff members of the United Nations system working in Iraq would require significant resources, and calls upon Member States and relevant organisations to provide such resources, including contributions to that entity;
that the multinational force will also assist in building the capability of the Iraqi security forces and institutions, through a program of recruitment, training, equipping, mentoring and monitoring;
Member States and international and regional organisations to contribute assistance to the multinational force, including military forces, as agreed with the Government of Iraq, to help meet the needs of the Iraqi people for security and stability, humanitarian and reconstruction assistance, and to support the efforts of UNAMI;
the importance of developing effective Iraqi police, border enforcement, and Facilities Protection Service, under the control of the Interior Ministry of Iraq, and, in the case of the Facilities Protection Service, other Iraqi ministries, for the maintenance of law, order, and security, including combating terrorism, and requests Member States and international organisations to assist the Government of Iraq in building the capability of these Iraqi institutions;
all acts of terrorism in Iraq, reaffirms the obligations of Member States under resolutions 1373 (2001)
of 28 September 2001, 1267 (1999) 15 October 1999, 1333 (2000) of 19 December 2000, 1390 (2002) of 16 January 2002, 1455 (2003) of 17 January 2003, and 1526 (2004) of 30 January 2004, and other relevant international obligations with respect, inter alia, to terrorist activities in and from Iraq or against its citizens, and specifically reiterates its call upon Member States to prevent the transit of terrorists to and from Iraq, arms for terrorists, and financing that would support terrorists, and reemphasises the importance of strengthening the cooperation of the countries of the region, particularly neighbours of Iraq, in this regard;
that the Interim Government of Iraq will assume the primary role in coordinating international assistance to Iraq; 19. Welcomes efforts by Member States and international organisations to respond in support of requests by the Interim Government of Iraq to provide technical and expert assistance, while Iraq is rebuilding administrative capacity;
its request that Member States, international financial institutions and other organisations strengthen their efforts to assist the people of Iraq in the reconstruction and development of the Iraqi economy, including by providing international experts and necessary resources through a coordinated program of donor assistance;
that the prohibitions related to the sale or supply to Iraq of arms and related materiel under previous resolutions shall not apply to arms or related materiel required by the Government of Iraq or the multinational force to serve the purposes of this resolution, stresses the importance for all States to abide strictly by them, and notes the significance of Iraq's neighbours in this regard, and calls upon the Government of Iraq and the multinational force each to ensure that appropriate implementation procedures are in place;
that nothing in the preceding paragraph affects the prohibitions on or obligations of States related to items specified in paragraphs 8 and 12 of resolution 687 (1991) of 3 April 1991 or activities described in paragraph 3(f) of resolution 707 (1991) of 15 August 1991, and reaffirms its intention to revisit the mandates of the United Nations Monitoring, Verification, and Inspection Commission and the International Atomic Energy Agency;
23. Calls on
Member States and international organisations to respond to Iraqi requests to assist Iraqi efforts to integrate Iraqi veterans and former militia members into Iraqi society;
that, upon dissolution of the Coalition Provisional Authority, the funds in the Development Fund for Iraq shall be disbursed solely at the direction of the Government of Iraq, and decides that the Development Fund for Iraq shall be utilised in a transparent and equitable manner and through the Iraqi budget including to satisfy outstanding obligations against the Development Fund for Iraq, that the arrangements for the depositing of proceeds from export sales of petroleum, petroleum products, and natural gas established in paragraph 20 of resolution 1483 (2003)
shall continue to apply, that the International Advisory and Monitoring Board shall continue its activities in monitoring the Development Fund for Iraq and shall include as an additional full voting member a duly qualified individual designated by the Government of Iraq and that appropriate arrangements shall be made for the continuation of deposits of the proceeds referred to in paragraph 21 of resolution 1483 (2003);
further that the provisions in the above paragraph for the deposit of proceeds into the DFI and for the role of the IAMB shall be reviewed at the request of the Transitional Government of Iraq or twelve months from the date of this resolution, and shall expire upon the completion of the political process set out in paragraph four above;
that, in connection with the dissolution of the Coalition Provisional Authority, the Interim Government of Iraq and its successors shall assume the rights, responsibilities and obligations relating to the Oil for Food Program that were transferred to the Authority, including all operational responsibility for the Program and any obligations undertaken by the Authority in connection with such responsibility, and responsibility for ensuring independently authenticated confirmation that goods have been delivered, and further decides that, following a 120-day transition period from the date of adoption of this resolution, the Interim Government of Iraq and its successors shall assume responsibility for certifying delivery of goods under contracts prioritised in accordance with that resolution, and that such certification shall be deemed to constitute the independent authentication required for the release of funds associated with such contracts, consulting as appropriate to ensure the smooth implementation of these arrangements;
27. Further decides
that the provisions of paragraph 22 of resolution 1483 (2003)
shall continue to apply, except that the privileges and immunities provided in that paragraph shall not apply concerning any final judgment arising out of a contractual obligation entered into by Iraq after 30 June 2004;
the commitments of many creditors, including those of the Paris Club, to identify ways to reduce substantially Iraq's sovereign debt, calls on Member States, as well as intemationa1 and regional organisations, to support the Iraq reconstruction effort, urges the international financial institutions and bilateral donors to take the immediate steps necessary to provide their full range of loans and other financial assistance and arrangements to Iraq, recognises that the Interim Government of Iraq will have the authority to conclude and implement such agreements and other arrangements as may be necessary in this regard, and requests creditors, institutions and donors to work as a priority on these matters with the Interim Government of Iraq and its successors;
the continuing obligations of Member States to freeze and transfer certain funds, assets, and economic resources to the Development Fund for Iraq in accordance with paragraphs 19 and 23 of resolution 1483 (2003)
and with resolution 1518 (2003) of 24 November 2003;
the Secretary-General to report to the Council within three months from the date of this resolution on UNAMI operations in Iraq, and on a quarterly basis thereafter on the progress made towards national elections and fulfilment of all UNAMI's responsibilities;
that the United States, on behalf of the multinational force, report to the Council within three months from the date of this resolution on the efforts and progress of this force, and on a quarterly basis thereafter;
to remain actively seized of the matter.
Annex to UN-Security Council Resolution 1546 (2004) on Iraq (Anhang zur UN-Resolution 1546 (2004) - englisch
Text of letters from the Prime Minister of the Interim Government of Iraq Dr. Ayad Allawi and United States Secretary of State Colin L. Powell to the President of the Council (8. Juni 2004)
"Irak-Resolution ändert nichts am Besatzungsregime und unterstellt die UNO den USA"
Pressemitteilung: Friedensratschlag kritisiert die Resolution des UN-Sicherheitsrats und die Haltung der Bundesregierung (8. Juni 2004)
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