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The Berlin Declaration on Counter-Narcotics / Berliner Erklärung zur Drogenbekämpfung (englisch)

Within the Framework of the Kabul Good Neighbourly Relations Declaration

Auf der Berliner Afghanistan-Konferenz (31. März und 1. April 2004) kam es auch zur Unterzeichnung der "Berliner Erklärung zur Drogenbekämpfung" durch Afghanistan und seine Nachbarstaaten, die wir im Folgenden in englischer Sprache dokumentieren.

The Berlin Declaration on Counter-Narcotics

Within the Framework of the Kabul Good Neighbourly Relations Declaration

Berlin, 1 April 2004

The representatives of the Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan and the governments of the People’s Republic of China, Islamic Republic of Iran, Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Republic of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Republic of Uzbekistan met in Berlin on 1 April to consider further practical follow-up to the Kabul Declaration on Good Neighbourly Relations agreed in Kabul on 22 December 2002, in the area of Counter-Narcotics.

The representatives reaffirmed their countries` commitment to constructive and supportive bilateral relations with Afghanistan based on the principles of territorial integrity, mutual respect, friendly relations, co-operation and non – interference in each other’s affairs.

In accordance with these principles, the representatives agreed on the need to strengthen their collaboration in the fight against the illegal cultivation, production and trafficking of opium and other related substances.

The representatives expressed their support for the concept of creating a security belt around Afghanistan with the purpose of organising an effective system to interdict trafficking of opium products. In this regard they will strengthen their co-operation within the framework of the Global Anti-Narcotics Partnership.

The representatives recognised that a stable Afghanistan with a strong central Government is essential to counter-narcotics efforts and that they therefore reaffirm their support for the government of Afghanistan, and fulfillment of their obligations under the Kabul Declaration on Good Neighbourly Relations of December 2002.

The representatives agreed that the cultivation and supply of opium seriously undermines normal economic and social development; that it fosters poverty, lawlessness and political instability. They therefore asserted their collective commitment to working with the ultimate goal of the elimination of opium cultivation and supply in this region and noted the substantial benefits that this would bring to the stability and prosperity of the region.

The representatives noted the various initiatives and activities already underway to meet these goals. They congratulated the Government of Afghanistan on its strong commitment to eliminating the cultivation of opium and encouraged it to continue to take effective measures under its National Drug Control Strategy to tackle the problem and pledged their full support for these measures.

The Representatives emphasized the principle of “International Solidarity and Burden Sharing“ and called on International Donors to provide the maximum possible financial and technical assistances to Afghanistan.

The representatives resolved that their governments will take the necessary measures:
  • To ensure that their border territories are secure and that, to this end, they devote the necessary resources to their respective border guard forces;
  • To ensure they interdict the maximum possible quantities of opiates as they leave Afghanistan; and that their interdiction capacity should undermine the capacity of traffickers to export opiate;
  • To facilitate the closest possible communication and collaboration between their respective counter-narcotics forces, including the exchange of information and intelligence;
  • To explore fully the scope for carrying out co-ordinated operations on their respective sides of border areas, where there is clear advantage in their doing so;
  • To pursue comprehensive national drugs strategies that include active programs of measures in respect to: the expansion of law enforcement capacity; the development of appropriate legal and institutional frameworks, including legislation on money–laundering and corruption, and the reduction of demand for opiates among their domestic population;
  • Noting that programmes and initiatives vary between different countries, to share knowledge and best practice on all aspects of counter-narcotics, including: the elimination of crops; the interdiction of supply and disruption of supply chains; the development of alternative livelihoods for opium poppy farmers; and the reduction of local demand;
  • To ensure, as far as possible, that the development of alternative livelihoods is tailored to actual demand in the local and regional economy; and to explore fully the scope for promoting the trade of alternative goods and services (agricultural and non-agricultural) in regional and international markets.
  • To co-operate closely in international fora on counter-narcotics, notably the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and the Commission on Narcotic Drugs. To work with the countries affected by opium originating from Afghanistan: to ensure maximum possible co-ordination of the respective programmes they pursue in collaboration with international actors; and to undermine the risk of shifts in one country or region creating windows of opportunity for drugs trafficking in another.
The representatives agreed that their officials would take work forward in these areas and hold a follow-up meeting at expert / official level by June 2004 in Kabul under the auspices of the Afghan Government. They agreed that their governments should meet to review progress within one year of signature of this declaration.

The representatives noted the determination of their governments to identify further areas of regional co-operation and agreed that a further meeting on environmental issues would be held in the summer of 2004.


Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan
People's Republic of China
Islamic Republic of Iran
Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Republic of Tajikistan
Republic of Uzbekistan

Source: www.bundesregierung.de

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